Archive for November, 2011

Blog #4: ACM-W

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2011

Hello! My name is Caroline Arnold and I have previously posted about the female scientist, Grace Hopper, and about comparing the computer scientists Alan Turning and Grace Hopper. I am writing this blog for my Freshman Seminar class called “Beauty and Brains- Women in the Sciences.”

Last week I presented to my class about an organization called ACM-W, which stands for Association for Computer Machinery for women. This organization was formed in the late 1980s as a branch or sub-organization of ACM, which was founded in 1947. This organization currently consists of 15,005 members. It also consists of the ACM-W council and the ACM-W executive board. The primary mission of ACM-W is to celebrate, inform, and support women in computing and to improve working and learning environments for women. It also allows the representation of women in computer science to be more equal and fair.

Considering that Grace Hopper was a female computer scientist, I definitely think it is likely that she would belong to this organization. She faced many hardships being a female in the computer science field, however, always put up a strong fight and gave one hundred percent to her work. I believe Grace Hopper would join this organization to help spread information about females in the computer science field and to encourage other females to peruse this career. She would be an excellent and effective member of the ACM-W because this organization definitely supports her views and interests.

 

Works Cited

ACM-W. Elaine Weyuker. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. <http://  women.acm.org/>.

Borg, Anita and Whitney, Telle. “The Grace Hopper Celebration.”   Communications ofthe ACM 38.1 (1995): 50-51. Computers   & Applied Sciences Complete. EBSCO.   Web. 13 Nov.   2011.

Weyuker, Elaine. “ACM-W Celebrates Women In Computing.”   Communications Of  The ACM 52.6 (2009): 5. Academic   Search Complete. Web. 9 Nov. 2011.

Assignment 6- Comparing Scientists: Grace Hopper vs Alan Turing

Tuesday, November 1st, 2011

The male scientist I chose to research to compare my female scientist, Grace Hopper, to is Alan Turring. I chose to research Alan Turing because he was a famous scientist within the computer science and mathematics field. Another reason I chose to research Alan Turing was because was born only six years after Grace Hopper. I thought it would be appropriate to research a male scientist that was alive and worked in about the same era as my female scientist. Alan Turing and Grace Hopper were both very interesting people to research and present information about.

 

Comparing and contrasting my scientists that I chose to research:

Grace Hopper

  • 1906-1992
  • Born and raised in New York
  • Had supporting parents during childhood
  • Education: Vassar College, Yale University
  • Science field: computer scientist
  • Worked in the war, World War II as computer scientist
  • Worked on “Mark I” computer at Harvard
  • Invented the COBOL system
  • Received over 65 honors and awards in her lifetime

 

Alan Turing

  • 1912-1954
  • Born and raised in London
  • Parents put him and his brother in foster homes. His parents did not support him during his life.
  • Education: Sherborne School, King’s College
  • Science field: mathematics and computer science
  • Worked in the war, World War II, to help break the Enigma codes used by the Nazis
  • Answered the question “Entscheidungsproblem” and clarified that there is no single method that can solve all mathematical problems
  • Invented the Turing Machine
  • On June 7, 1954- committed suicide by eating an apple that contained cyanide

 

I believe that gender definitely influences the career of any computer scientist. The male species dominates the computer science population. Therefore, male scientists are more easily recognized and publicly known. Grace Hopper put her heart into working on her inventions and projects as a computer scientist which allowed her to receive over 65 honors and awards. However, when researching both scientists, I found there was much more information provided about Alan Turing. There were multiple books and articles written about Alan Turing, however, when finding information about Grace Hopper, I was only able to find a few articles. It is true that Alan Turing was a incredible scientist and invented outstanding technology, however, I believe that Grace Hopper should be just as publicly recognized as he is. In conclusion, gender influences the careers of computer scientists and allows men to succeed more efficiently and be more widely credited than females.

 

Here is a link to an interesting article I discovered that explains and discusses the male to female ratio in the computer science field. Feel free to read and enjoy!

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/16/business/16digi.html

 

Bibliography

“Grace Murray Hopper.” Notable Women Scientists. Gale Group Inc. 1999.

Gray, Paul. “Alan Turing. (Cover story).” Time 153.12 (1999): 147. Academic Search          Complete. EBSCO. Web. 24 Oct. 2011.

Orlando, Maria. “Amazing Grace.” Poptronics 3.7 (2002): 26. Computers & Applied

            Sciences Complete. EBSCO. Web. 12 Sept. 2011.

Stross, Randal. “What Has Driven Women Out of Computer Science?”. The New York        Times. November 15, 2008. Web. 24 October 2011.